Bida antara revisi nibak "Napolèon Bonaparté"

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Keuluarga Bounaparté saboh keuluarga ulèë balang nyang teuka dari [[Italia]], nyang geuwèh u Korsika bak abad keu-16/<ref>McLynn 1998, h.2</ref> Ayahjih, ''Nobile'' [[Carlo Bounaparté]], sidroë peungacara, tom jeuët keu waki Korsika watèë [[Louis XVI]] meukuasa bak thôn 1777. Majih nan Maria [[Letizia Ramolino]]. Jih na sidroë aduën, [[Joseph Bonaparté|Joseph]]; ngon 5 adoë, nakeuh [[Lucien Bonaparté|Lucien]], [[Elisa Bonaparté|Elisa]], [[Louis Bonaparté|Louis]], [[Pauline Bonaparté|Pauline]], [[Caroline Bonaparté|Caroline]], ngön [[Jérôme Bonaparté|Jérôme]]. Napolèon ji baptis seubagai [[Geurija Katolik Roma|katolik]] padum-padum uroë seugolom meuulang thôn nyang keudua, pah that bak uroë 21 buleuën Tujôh thôn 1771 di [[Katèdral Ajaccio]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.napoleon.org/en/magazine/museums/files/Cathedral-Ajaccio.asp|title=Cathedral—Ajaccio|publisher=La Fondation Napoléon|accessdate=2008-05-31}}</ref>
 
Meu ulèë balang, kaya, seureuta hubôngan keuluargajih nyang luah jeuët keu na Napolèon ubeuet kri peuluweuëng nyang luah bak jak beuët sampoë tingkat nyang manyang.<ref>Cronin 1994, p.27</ref> Bak buleuën Sa thôn 1779, Napolèon jidapeuta bak saboh sikula agama di [[Autun]], Peurancih, meukeusud keujijak meurunoë bahsa Peurancih, ngön bak buleuën Limöng jih jidapeuta lom bak saboh sikula mayang militè di [[Brienne-le-Château]]. Bak sikula, jih jimeututô ngon lugat narit Korsika nyang that meuklok sampoë jih kayém jikheun keuh lé ngön-ngön jih; seubab nyan keuh jih ka that sunggôh bak jimeurunoë.<ref>McLynn 1998, p.18</ref> Napolèon carong bak éleumèë matematika, ngön that meuphôm lam éleumèë seujarah ngon éleumèë bumoë.<ref>Asprey 2000, p.13</ref> Lheuëh seuleusoë bak neubeuët nyan laju jisambông neubeuët u Brienne bak thôn 1784, Napolèon jidapeuta bak sikula hayeuë [[École Militaire]] di Paris. Disinan jih jilatih jeuët keu sidroë pang [[artileri]]. Watèë meusikula disinan, ayahjih meuninggai. Jih pih ék seuleusoë bak sikula nyan lam sithôn, bak kri nyang biasa sikula nyan barô keuh seuleusoë dua thôn. Jih jiujoë lé sidroë ahli that hayeuë masa nyan [[Pierre-Simon Laplace]], nyang bak masa lheuëh nyan jitunyok lé Napolèon jeuët keu anggèta [[senat]].<ref>McLynn 1998, p.26</ref>
 
== Karier militè ==
[[Beureukaih:Jacques-Louis_David_007.jpg|right|200px|thumb|Gamba nyang that jithèë ''[[Napoleon Meulingkeuë Alpèn]]'', peuneugot [[Jacques-Louis David]].]]
Jih jeuët keu murib bak sikula manyang militè [[Brienne]] thôn [[1779]] bak umu 10 thôn, ngön that carong sampoë Napolèon jeuët lulôh bak sikula manyang nyan bak umu 15 thôn. Karier militèjih jiék ngon bagah lheuëh jih asé jipeuseungap gabuëk nyang jipeugot lé kawôm meudukông royalis ngon kri nyang jeuët that gura: jitimbak meuriam di banda [[Paris]] dari ateuëh meunara. Keujadian nyan thôn [[1795]] bak watèë Napolèon umu 26 thôn. Meumacam prang asé jipeumeunang droëjih, nibak laén prang meulawan [[Austria]] ngön [[Prusia]].
 
== Masa meujaya ==
* {{cite web|title=The Claremont Institute: The Little Tyrant, A review of ''Napoleon: A Penguin Life''|url=http://www.claremont.org/publications/crb/id.1038/article_detail.asp|accessdate=30 May 2008|publisher=The Claremont Institute|author=Hanson, Victor Davis|year=2003}}
* {{Cite book|first=Robert|last=Harvey|year=2006|title=The War of Wars|publisher=Robinson|isbn=978-1-84529-635-3}}
* {{Cite journal|journal=Clinical Chemistry|url=http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/reprint/54/12/2092 |title=The Death of Napoleon, Cancer or Arsenic?|last=Hindmarsh|first=J. Thomas|coauthors=John Savory|volume=54|page=2092 |doi=10.1373/clinchem.2008.117358 |publisher=American Association for Clinical Chemistry |year=2008 |accessdate=10 October 2010|issue=12}}
* {{Cite book|title=Race, Racism, and Science|publisher=ABC-CLIO|isbn=1-85109-448-2|last=Jackson|first=John|year=2004}}
* {{Cite book|last=Johnson|first=P.|title=Napoleon: A life|publisher=Penguin Books|year=2002 |isbn=0-670-03078-3|url=http://www.amazon.com/Napoleon-Penguin-Lives-Paul-Johnson/dp/0670030783/}}
* {{Cite book|last=Roberts|first=Andrew|title=Napoleon and Wellington|publisher=Weidenfeld and Nicholson|isbn=0-297-64607-9|year=2001}}
* {{Cite book|url=http://books.google.com/?id=MdMZqhMzfpYC&pg=PR9&dq=bogeyman+napoleon+nursery+%22bonaparte+will+pass%22#PPA93,M1|title=Heavy Words Lightly Thrown|publisher=Granta|isbn=1-86207-765-7|year=2004|last=Roberts|first=Chris}}
* {{Cite book|isbn=1-84520-817-X|first=Raffael|last=Scheck|publisher=Berg|title=Germany, 1871–1945: A Concise History|year=2008}}
* {{Cite book|last=Schom|first=Alan|authorlink=Alan Schom|title=Napoleon Bonaparte|year=1997|publisher=HarperCollins|isbn=978-0-06-017214-5}}
* {{Cite book|last=Schwarzfuchs|first=Simon|publisher=Routledge|year=1979|isbn=0-19-710023-6|title=Napoleon, the Jews and the Sanhedrin}}
* {{cite web|url=http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A030078b.htm|title=Balcombe, Alexander Beatson (1811–77)|publisher=Australian Dictionary of Biography Online|last=Thomson|first=Kathleen|accessdate=27 May 2008|year=1969}}
* {{Cite book|title=The Way the World Works|last=Wanniski|first=Jude|publisher=Regnery Gateway|isbn=0-89526-344-0|year=1998}}
* {{Cite book|title=Tricolor and crescent|first=William|last=Watson|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=o4vrUbMK5eEC&pg=PA13|isbn= 0-275-97470-7|publisher=Greenwood Publishing Group|accessdate=12 June 2009|year=2003}}
{{Commonscat|Napoleon I of France}}
 
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