Salahuddin al-Ayyubi

Nibak Wikipedia
(Geupupinah nibak Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi)
Grôp u: keumudoë, mita
Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi
Sultan Meusé ngön Syam
Masa kuasa 1174 M. – 4 Maret-1193 M.
Geutabai 1174 M.
Nan panyang Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub
Geuseumiyub Meuseujid Umayyah, Damsyik, Suriah
Geupeudilèë lé Nuruddin Zengi
Geugantoë lé Al-Aziz
Wangsa Ayyubiyyah
Yah Najmuddin Ayyub

Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi atawa Saladin atawa Salah ad-Din (Bahsa Arab: صلاح الدين الأيوبي, Kurdi: صلاح الدین ایوبی) (Sha-lah-huud-din al-ay-yu-bi) (c. 1138 - 4 Buleuën Lhèe thôn 1193) nakeuh sidroë panglima ngon mujahidin Kurdi di Tikrit (dairah barôh Irak jinoë). Gobnyan geupeudong Wangsa Ayyubiyyah di Mesir, Suriah, ladôm nibak wilayah Yaman, Irak, Mekkah Hejaz ngon Diyar Bakr. Salahuddin that meugah di dônya Muslim ngon Kristen meuseubab kri gobnyan geumat nanggroë, teuga aseuka, ngon sifeuët gobnyan nyang that gét budoë bahsa ngon rayek that haté gobnyan bak geupeumeu'ah musôh nibak watèe gobnyan dawôk lam prang Salib. Sultan Salahuddin Al Ayyubi nakeuh sidroë ulama. Gobnyan le that geusyarèh kitab ngon geupeupah matan lam padum-padum boh kitab hadits Abu Dawud.

Tarèh Hudép[andam | andam nè]

Shalahuddin Al-Ayyubi teuka nibak bansa Kurdi.[1] Yah gobnyan Najmuddin Ayyub ngon yahcut gobnyan Asaduddin Syirkuh hijrah geuminah nibak gampông gobnyan nyang toë ngon Tasék Fan ngon geuminah u dairah Tikrit (Irak). Shalahuddin lahé di kuta Tikrit, Irak thôn 532 H/1137 M, watèe nyan yah gobnyan teungoh geumat kuwasa Seljuk di Tikrit. Yôh nyan, gét yah gobnyan ngon yahcut gobnyan geukeurija bak Imaduddin Zanky, gubernur Seljuk keu banda Mousul, Irak. Nibak watèe Imaduddin meuhasé geureubôt wilayah Balbek, Libanon thôn 534 H/1139 M, Najmuddin Ayyub (ayah Shalahuddin) geuangkèe jeueët keu gubernur Balbek ngon jeuët keu ureuëng khadam Raja Suriah Nuruddin Mahmud. Bak masa di Balbek nyoëkeuh, Shalahuddin nyang teungoh lam masa muda geumeureunoë èleumeè prang, èleumèe meuatô prang, ngon èleumèe siyasat. Lheuëh nibak nyan, Shalahuddin geulanjôt jak meurunoë u Damaskus keu geujak èleumeè agama na trép siplôh thôn, yôh nyan gobnyan geuduëk lam istana Nuruddin. Bak thôn 1169, Shalahuddin geuangkèe jeuët keu meuntroë.

Di sinan, gobnyan ka geutuëng pusaka tugaih nyang that brat bak geupeutheun nanggroë Meusé nibak jiseurang lé Keurajeuën Latén Jerussalem nyang jipimpén lé Amalrik I. Neuduëk gobnyan y dia mewarisi peranan sulit mempertahankan Mesir melawan penyerbuan dari Kerajaan Latin Jerusalem di bawah pimpinan Amalrik I. Neuduëk gobnyan bak phôn that brat ngon payah. Hana meusidroë pih nyang geusangka gobnyan ék geupeutheun Meusé ngon that trép.

Ne[andam | andam nè]

  1. ^ Ibn Khallikan says that Saladin's father and his family originated from Dvin, and "they were Kurds." See Vladimir Minorsky, The Prehistory of Saladin, Studies in Caucasian History, Cambridge University Press, 1957, pp. 124-132.